After nearly nine years of a bloody and chaotic occupation, the US military is officially withdrawing from Iraq. According to a study published in the Lancet Medical Journal, the only scientific survey that has been carried out with the aim of tallying Iraqi casualties, 655,000 Iraqis have been killed as a result of the US-led invasion, and more than three million have been displaced from their homes, both internally and externally.
Complaints about government services are also common. According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
– 90 per cent of Iraqi households supplement their electricity with private generators
– 59 per cent of Iraqis rate their households facility as ”bad” or ”very bad”, rising to 85 per cent in rural areas
– Two out of three Iraqis have a negative opinion of Iraqi health services
– 75 per cent of Iraqis feel the most pressing need of the country is to reduce poverty
On the US side, around 4,500 US soldiers have been killed, with more than 32,000 wounded. The invasion cost at least $750bn, and the international reputation of the US has been damaged.